As per the Patent Act, for an invention to be patentable, the invention must be a new product or process, involving an inventive step and capable of being made or used in industry. It means the invention to be patentable should be technical in nature and should meet the following criteria –
Novelty: The matter disclosed in the specification is not published in India or elsewhere before the date of filing of the patent application in India.
Inventive Step: The invention is not obvious to a person skilled in the art in light of the prior publication/knowledge/ document.
Industrially applicable: Invention should possess utility so that it can be made or used in an industry.
Patent application in Form-1.
Proof of right to file application from the inventor. The proof of right can either be an endorsement at the end of the application or a separate agreement attached with the patent application.
Provisional specifications, if complete specifications are not available.
Complete specification in Form-2 within 12 months of filing of provisional specification.
Statement and undertaking under Section 8 in Form- 3, if applicable. Form 3 can be filed along with the application or within 6 months from the date of application.
Declaration as to inventorship in Form 5 for applications with complete specification or a convention application or a PCT application designating India. Form-5 or Declaration as to inventorship can be filed within one month from the date of filing of application, if a request is made to the Controller in Form-4.
Power of authority in Form-26, if patent application is being filed by a Patent Agent. In case a general power of authority, then a self attested copy of the same can be filed by the Patent Agent.
Priority document must be filed in the following cases
PCT National Phase Application wherein requirements of Rule 17.1(a or b) of has not been fulfilled.
Note: Priority document must be filed along with the application or before the expiry of eighteen months from the date of priority, to enable early publication of the application.
If the Application pertains to a biological material obtained from India, the applicant is required to submit the permission from the National Biodiversity Authority any time before the grant of the patent. However, it is sufficient if the permission from the National Biodiversity Authority is submitted before the grant of the patent.
The Application form should also indicate clearly the source of geographical origin of any biological material used in the specification.
All patent applications must bear the signature of the applicant or authorized person or Patent Attorney along with name and date.
Provisional or complete specification must be signed by the agent/applicant with date on the last page of the specification. The drawing sheets attached should also contain the signature of an applicant or his agent in the right hand bottom corner.